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Wednesday, February 13, 2013

Types of cannabis seeds: Feminized, Regular, Auto-flowering

cannabis seeds from different cannabis strains
While you are now surfing the web, you don’t only come across different cannabis strains, but you will also find different types of Cannabis seeds: regular ones, feminized ones and a very new class, the auto-flowering seeds. You may also wonder why a regular seed is so much cheaper than the same strain in feminized or auto-flowering form. The simple answer, they take away a lot of breeding pain and also the need for detailed knowledge. Even an “impossible” strain can be only challenging when using a feminized and auto-flowering seed. Let us take a look at each of them, how they are made, how to use them and let´s find out what is the best for you.

Regular Cannabis Seeds

Even if the word regular seems to explain the whole thing, it is not always the way it seems. Every one of us has heard about good sowing and bad sowing from the farming business. But similar to the business of agriculture, similar rules apply here. There are good and bad seeds. Some breeders let male and female Cannabis plants grow to their full maturity and than bring them together, this ensures that both genders of the Cannabis plant are fully developed and at full energy. If the female Cannabis plant is now fertilized, it can be ensured that the produced seeds are from a healthy and fully grown mother plant. Therefore the seeds are grown with full energy and the result will be seeds with an extremely high vitality and most of them will create a new plant. Also plants from such Cannabis seeds have a better start into life.

In the opposite there are also accidentally fertilized female Cannabis plants when someone breeds cannabis for consumption purposes. Often such seeds can be found in weed that had been bought for consumption; the cannabis seeds are sometimes not fully developed and are small, very hard and green. That comes from the breeding technique, as a naturally dying plant is not in its best performance if it comes to the content of active components. That means the Cannabis plants are harvested earlier, to achieve the best yields and the best concentration of active components. Such seeds are often not even able to break open, but of course a part of it will be able to produce offspring. But sometimes these plants won´t be able to produce a plant that is as good as the mother plant. This is because the Cannabis seeds just miss a step of development and can´t compete with fully developed seeds.

Another way is also the wish from the breeder to get seeds instead the best weed. But here all Cannabis plants are just kept together from the beginning. Of course that makes good seeds, but the first method will produce the most superior seed quality. Because with the method of just keeping all Cannabis plants together, it is possible that some female plants get fertilized before they are in the best shape to produce seeds.

Feminized Cannabis Seeds

cannabis bud with seeds - feminized cannabis seeds
Feminized Cannabis seeds are so called seeds that will only bring out female Cannabis plant, well with a guarantee to 99.9%, in very rare cases there could be a ricochet. Feminized seeds are produced without the usage of male Cannabis plants. Cause under extreme conditions, the female Cannabis plants can become hermaphrodites. This can be done through changing the environment of the female plants. When generating an environment that simulates the end of the summer and the beginning of winter, the female plant realizes its life end and the urge to change something comes up. In that state the female Cannabis plant starts to build pollen as well and so featuring the characteristics of male and female plants. In short that means the female plant fertilized itself. This means that only genetics from female Cannabis plants are available and thus producing seeds, which will only be able, to generate new female Cannabis plants.

Critics often claim that this technique would weaken the genetic offset of the plants. Which means the plants are more fragile to illnesses and vermin. That argument might be right, but the problem seems to be limited if the process is done carefully and not done over and over again in the genetic line. Some strains had been created with mixing already feminized Cannabis plants, the outcome might have a special taste, smell or high levels of active components, but are for sure more difficult to breed than normally.

Auto-Flowering Cannabis Seeds

To create Auto-Flowering seeds, the strain contains a cross with Cannabis Ruderalis. Since Cannabis Ruderalis lives in harsh climates, it starts flowering after a certain time, while other cannabis plants start flowering when daylight times change. That means the grower has not to change light times at the right time, you can give full light all the time. That has a good influence in the resin production of the Cannabis plant and through that also on the content of active components. Because of the Cannabis Ruderalis influence, the plants often remain a bit small and thus also limiting the yield. But the technique is on its way, newer strains become better and better. So modern Auto-Flowering Cannabis strains don´t lack in size and yield. Of course it is possible to get feminized Auto-Flowering Cannabis seeds, so the plants have both advantages.
 
cannabis plant from autoflower seeds

Now it is clear why the specialized Cannabis seeds are somewhat more expensive, the plants are often used only to produce seeds, so the complete winnings from the flowers are deleted. And so the seeds have to bring in the lost money. For beginners that want to grow cannabis it can be especially interesting to choose a feminized and auto-flowering strain. So you don´t have to check for male Cannabis plants and also don´t have to look for light timing (photo-period). The only thing you have to do is fertilize your cannabis plants and keep off vermin.

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